Which freaking database should I use?
By Andrew Oliver
Created 2012-08-02 03:00AM
I’ve been in Chicago for the last few weeks setting up our first satellite office for my company. While Silicon Valley may be the home of big data vendors, Chicago is the home of the big data users and practitioners. So many people here “get it” that you could go to a packed meetup or big data event nearly every day of the week.
Big data events almost inevitably offer an introduction to NoSQL and why you can’t just keep everything in an RDBMS anymore. Right off the bat, much of your audience is in unfamiliar territory. There are several types of NoSQL databases and rational reasons to use them in different situations for different datasets. It’s much more complicated than tech industry marketing nonsense like “NoSQL = scale.”
Part of the reason there are so many different types of NoSQL databases lies in the CAP theorem, aka Brewer’s Theorem. The CAP theorem states you can provide only two out of the following three characteristics: consistency, availability, and partition tolerance. Different datasets and different runtime rules cause you to make different trade-offs. Different database technologies focus on different trade-offs. The complexity of the data and the scalability of the system also come into play.
[Full text here]